The National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo (French: National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo ( INEAC ) Dutch : Nationaal Instituut voor de Landbouwkunde in Belgisch Congo ( Nilco )) Was a research facility Established in Yangambi in the Belgian Congo , operating from 1933 to 1962.
The Journal of Plantation Crops is a triannual peer-reviewed scientific journal and is the official publication of the Indian Society for Planting Crops . The scope includes topics are planting Relating to cropping systems and crops like coconut , arecanut , oil palm , cashew , spices , cocoa , coffee , tea , and rubber . The Journal of Plantation Crops was established in 1973 and the editor-in-chief is V. Krishnakumar.
The Journal of Oil Palm Research (formerly known as Elaeis: The International Journal of Oil Palm Research and Development ) is a triannual peer-reviewed scientific paper covering research is palm oil fats, oils and oleo-chemistry. It is published by the Malaysian Palm Oil Board and the editor-in-chief is Mohd Tusirin HJ Mohd Nor ( National University of Malaysia ).
The National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo ( French : National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo , gold INEAC ) Was a research facility Established in Yangambi in the Belgian Congo , operating from the 1930s up to the country Gained independence in 1962 .
Elaeis oleifera is a species of palm commonly called the American oil palm . It is native to South and Central America from Honduras to northern Brazil .     Unlike its relative Elaeis guineensis , the African oil palm, it is rarely planted commercially to produce palm oil , but hybrids between the two species are,  mainly in efforts to provide disease resistance and to increase the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids. oil. 
Elaeis guineensis is a species of palm commonly called African oil palm or macaw fat .  It is the main source of palm oil . It is native to west and southwest Africa , specifically the area between Angola and the Gambia ; the species name guineensis Refers to the name for the area, Guinea , and not the modern country qui now bears That Name. The species is also now naturalized in Madagascar , Sri Lanka , Malaysia , Indonesia, Central America , the West Indies and several islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans . The
Attalea maripa , commonly called maripa palm  is a palm native to tropical South America and Trinidad and Tobago . It grows up to 35 m (115 ft) tall and can-have leaves or fronds 10-12 m (33-39 ft) long. This plant has a yellow edible fruit which is oblong ovoid and cream . An edible oil can be extracted from the fruit of the kernel of the seed.
Attalea is a large genus of palms native to Mexico , the Caribbean , Central and South America . This pinnately leaved, non-spiny genus includes both small palms lacking an aboveground stem and large trees. The genus has a complicated taxonomic history, and has often been split into four or four generations. Since the genera can only be distinguished on the basis of their male flowers, the existence of intermediate flower types and
Elaeis (from Greek, meaning ‘oil’) is a genus of palms containing two species, called oil palms. They are used in commercial agriculture in the production of palm oil. The African oil palm Elaeis guineensis (the species name guineensis referring to its country of origin) is the principal source of palm oil. It is native to west and southwest Africa, occurring between Angola and Gambia. The American oil palm Elaeis oleifera (from Latin oleifer, meaning ‘oil-producing’) is
Cadang-cadang is a disease caused by Coconut cadang-cadang viroid (CCCVd), a lethal viroid of coconut ( Cocos nucifera ), anahaw ( Saribus rotundifolius ) buri ( Corypha utan ), and African oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis ). The name cadang-cadang comes from the word gadang-gadang that means dying in Bicol .  It was originally reported on San Miguel Island in the Philippines in 1927/1928. “By 1962, all but 100 of 250,000 palms on this island had died from the disease,” indicating
The red ring disease of coconuts and African oil palms is caused by the nematode Bursaphelenchus cocophilus . It is also identified in literature with an alternative scientific name Rhadinaphelenchus cocophilus . The common name, the red ring nematode, is derived from its distinguishing symptom.
Benso Oil Palm Plantation is a Ghanaian oil palm plantation and company, based at Adum Banso Estate in Takoradi . The company is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange , its symbol is (BOPP). It was formed in 2004 and is involved with the production and processing of palm oil.
Women Grow is an organization founded in 2014 in Denver, Colorado focused on female leadership in the cannabis industry.  The organization’s primary goal is to turn into the first female-led, billion dollar industry. 
The National Cannabis Industry Association ( NCIA ) is an American non-profit organization based in the District of Columbia, with an additional office in Denver, Colorado. NCIA is the largest cannabis trade association in the US and the only organization is state-sanctioned cannabis-related businesses at the federal level. Its mission is “to promote the growth of a responsible and legitimate cannabis
The Hemp Industries Association ( HIA ) is a non-profit trade group Representing hemp companies, Researchers and supporters in the United States and Canada. The group petitions for fair and equal treatment of industrial hemp. Since 1992, the HIA has been dedicated to education, industry development, and the accelerated expansion of supply and demand .
The European Industrial Hemp Association ( EIHA ) is a consortium of the hemp-processing industry. It represents the common interest of industrial hemp farmers and producers, both nationally and on a European level. EIHA is the only consortium in the industrial hemp sector. This sector includes, inter alia, the use of hemp fibers , shavings, seeds and cannabinoids . Founded as an association for the European industry, a quarter of the
The Hempest is an eco-friendly clothing store Specializing in hemp clothing, products, and accessories. The store was founded in 1995 in Boston, Massachusetts with the belief of “bringing to the marketplace and the public”.  Thoughts typically work together, each is independent from one another.
THTC ( The Hemp Trading Company ) is an ethically driven underground clothing label, specializing in environmentally friendly , politically conscious, made of hemp , bamboo , organic cotton and other sustainable fabrics. It was founded by brothers Drew (Dru) and Gav Lawson and Dan Sodegren in 1999.
The Hemp and Cannabis Foundation (THCF) was founded in 1999  by Paul Stanford in Portland, Oregon . To date THCF has been helped over 250,000 patients to obtain medical advice in the field of medical marijuana where THCF has clinics.  THCF is the largest chain of medical marijuana clinics in the US with clinics operating in 12 states.  History of THCF THCF has
Deutsche Cannabis AG is a privately held firm backing company engaged in cannabis -related ventures since 2014. It was created by the reverse takeover of FAME AG, a Munich-based film and music production company. Shares are traded on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange .
This is a list of diseases of hemp ( Cannabis sativa ) .
Uromyces inconspicuus is a plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Uredo kriegeriana is a fungal plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Trichothecium roseum is a fungus in the Ascomycota firstdivisionreported in 1809.  It is characterized by its flat and granular colonies which are initially white and developed into light pink in color.  This fungus reproduces asexually through the formation of conidia with no known sexual state.  Trichothecium roseum is distinctive from other species of the genusTrichothecium in its characteristic zigzag patterned chained conidia.  It is found in
Stemphylium cannabinum is a plant pathogen that infects hemp.
Septoria cannabis is a species of plant pathogen from the Septoria genus that causes Septoria leaf spot. Early symptoms of infection are concentrated on the vegetative leaves of cannabis plants, followed by chlorosis and necrosis of the leaf. Septoria , which is an ascomycete and pycnidia producing fungus, has been known to attack Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae species as well as many species species. This genus is known to encompass over
Schiffnerula cannabis is a plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Pseudoperonospora humuli is a plant pathogen that causes downy mildew on hops .
Pseudoperonospora cannabina is a plant pathogen infecting hemp. Its spread has been limited to Asia and Europe and is believed to reproduce via sporangia. 
Pseudocercospora cannabina is a fungal plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Podosphaera macularis (formerly Sphaerotheca macularis ) is a plant pathogen infecting several hosts including chamomile , caneberrie , strawberries , hop , hemp and Cineraria . It causes powdery mildew of hops .
Pleospora tarda is a plant pathogen infecting several hosts including alfalfa , red clover , peanut , soybean , lentils , beet , tomato , lettuce , hemp and carnations .
Phyllachora cannabis is a plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Phomopsis ganjae is a plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Phomopsis cannabina is a plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Phoma herbarum is a fungal plant pathogen infecting hop and hemp.
Paralongidorus maximus is a plant pathogenic nematode infecting hemp.
Ophiobolus cannabinus is a plant pathogen that causes stem canker on hemp . 
Ophiobolus anguillides is a plant pathogen that causes stem canker on hemp .
Longidorus maximus is a plant pathogenic nematode .
Fusarium sulphureum is a fungal plant pathogen infecting maize and hemp.
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cannabis is a fungal plant pathogen infecting hemp.
Davidiella tassiana is a fungal plant pathogen infecting several hosts, including Iris barnumiae subsp. demawendica in Iran . 
Arabis mosaic virus is a viral plant pathogen that is known to infect multiple hosts. The pathogen, commonly referred to as Armv, is from the Secoviridae family, and causes Raspberry yellow dwarf virus and Rhubarb mosaic virus.  The Arabis Mosaic virus infects multiple hosts, including strawberries, hop, hemp, grape and geraniums, raspberries, sugarbeets, celery, horseradish, lilac, peach and
The production of hemp in the US state of Kentucky has a history dating to pioneer times, was criminalized in the 20th century, and has recently resumed to a legal industry.
The Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009 is a bill that was introduced in the United States House of Representatives by Ron Paul ( R – Texas ) and Barney Frank ( D – Massachusetts ) on April 2, 2009.  Also known as HR1866, the bill clarifies the differences between marijuana and industrial hemp as well as repeals federal laws that prohibit American farmers from cultivating industrial hemp. Industrial hemp is the non- psychoactive , low- THC , oilseed and fiber varieties of
The Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2005 was billed as HR 3037 in the United States House of Representatives on June 22, 2005. The bill proposes “to amend the Controlled Substances Act to exclude industrial hemp from the definition of marihuana, and for other purposes “. Submitted by Ron Paul , Pete Stark , Jim McDermott and Raul Grijalva , The Committee on Energy and Commerce and the United States House
Hemp juice made from industrial hemp is a drug-free, non-psychoactive juice pressed from the Cannabis sativa plant. The juice is obtained through a large-scale industrial cold-pressing procedure using the upper parts of the plant as well as the leaves. This procedure clearly distinguishes hemp oil from other hemp products such as oil hemp , hemp sprouts or hemp milk, which are obtained from the seeds of green tea leaves used
The soybean as , more recently Referred to as the hemp body because , Was a prototype car built with agricultural plastic. Although the formula has been used, it has been suggested that the first iteration of the body is made partially from soybeans and hemp .  [A]  The body was lighter and therefore more fuel efficient than a normal metal body.  It was made in Dearborn, Michigan , through the
Hemp oil or hempseed oil is obtained by pressing hemp seeds. Cold pressed, unheated oil with a nutty flavor. The darker the color, the grassier the flavor. It should not be confused with hash oil , a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flower, hailed by some  for its medicinal qualities. 
Oakum is a preparation of tarred fiber used to seal gaps. Its main traditional applications were in shipbuilding, for caulking or packing the joints of timbers in wooden vessels and the deckplanking of iron and steel ships; in plumbing, for sealing joints in cast iron pipe ; and in log cabins for chinking . In ship caulking, it was forced between the seams using a hammer and a caulking iron, then
Maltos-Cannabis was a Swedish hemp seed- based malt beverage “food remedy” with sedative qualities being produced around the late 19th century into the early 20th century.   The product was widely available in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway,  and was advertised and reviewed in American publications. An 1899 pharmaceutical reference book printed in Philadelphia defined the product: “A Swedish nutrient in form of
Hemp jewelry uses hemp twine material which is made from the Cannabis sativa plant, which is known as “Common Hemp”, which is used to produce such food, fuel, clothing and textiles, cosmetics, paints, paper, building materials, and plastics. , among others. Some types of jewelry include bracelets, necklaces, anklets, rings, watches, masks, purses, and other adornments. The jewelry can also make
Hempcrete or Hemplime is a bio-composite material, a mixture of hemp hurdles (shives) and lime (possibly including natural hydraulic lime ,  sand , pozzolans ) used as a material for construction and insulation .  It is marketed under names like Hempcrete, Canobiota, Canosmose, and Isochanvre.  Hempcrete is easier to work with than traditional lime mixes and acts as an insulator and moisture regulator. It lacks the brittleness of concrete and does not need expansion joints .  The result
Hemp protein is the protein content of hemp seeds. The protein in hemp seeds is made up of two globulin types of proteins, edestin (60-80%) and albumin ,  with essential amino acids.   Hemp protein has a PDCAAS score of 0.61 (a limiting amino acid being lysine , with a digestibility of 94.9%)  and a biological value of 87. [ citation needed ] The total proportion of essential amino acidsin hemp protein isolate, is also significantly higher than that of
Hemp milk , or hemp seed milk , is a plant milk made from hemp seeds That are soaked and ground in water, yielding a beany-nutty-flavored cream substance. There are various options available for organic , non- GMO , and conventional , unsweetened, original, vanilla, and chocolate flavored.
Hemp hurds , also known as shives or hemp wood, are an agricultural product made from hemp . Hurds consist of “the woody inner portion of the hemp stalk, broken into pieces and separated from the fiber in the processes of breaking and scutching ” and “correspond to the shifted in flax, but are coarser and usually softer in texture”. 
Hemp fiber, seed and oil can be used for a number of products .  Food products Hemp juice Hemp milk Hemp protein Maltos-Cannabis
Seattle Hempfest is an annual event in Seattle , Washington , the World’s Largest  annual gathering Advocating decriminalization of marijuana .  Vivian McPeak serves as the organization’s executive director. Founded in 1991 as the Washington Hemp Expo ,   self-described “humble gathering of stoners ” attended by only 500 people,  and renamed the following year as Hempfest,  it has grown into a three-day annual political rally, concert, and arts and crafts fair with typically over 100,000. Speakers-have included
Portland’s Hempstalk Festival is an annual event in Portland , Oregon advocating the decriminalization of marijuana for medicinal , industrial , and recreational use. Founded in 2005, the festival takes up Often the weekend after- Labor Day and features food vendors, live music, and information booths. The event has been waiting for you. According to Paul Stanford, founder and director of the event:
Kyoto Hemp Forum (also known as the Kyoto International Hemp Environmental Forum) is a hemp industry event held in Kyoto. The first event was held in July 2016.  Featured speakers included Japanese politicians first lady Akie Abe and the Mayor of Kyoto, Daisaku Kadokawa , US activist Chris Conrad and Dutch seed entrepreneur Ben Dronkers .   The title of Conrad’s book Hemp: Lifeline to the Future was also the official theme of the
Charlotte’s Web is a high- cannabidiol (CBD), low- tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) Cannabis extract marketed as a dietary supplement under federal law of the United States.    It is produced by the Stanley brothers in Colorado. It does not induce the psychoactive ” high ” typically associated with recreational marijuana strains that are high in THC.  In September 2014, the Stanleys announced that they would ensure that the product is less than 0.3% THC. 
The Hanfparade (English: Hemp Parade ) is a hemp legalization demonstration in Berlin . It has taken place every year in August since 1997. The traditional course of the parade floats make a prelude through the German capital. In a demonstration, give Thousands hemp and cannabis Their attention. At the end of the demonstration at closing speech takes place.
Xuan paper ( Xuanzhi simplified Chinese : 宣纸 ; traditional Chinese : 宣紙 ; pinyin : xuānzhǐ ) gold Shuen paper or rice paper , is a kind of paper Originating in ancient China used for writing and painting. Xuan paper is renowned for being soft and fine textured, suitable for conveying the artistic expression of both Chinese calligraphy and painting.
Weed World Candies sells lollipops . The lollipops are marketed and sold in the United States. With cannabis on the vines depicting cannabis plants next to lollipops, strong euphemism suggests a cannabis flavor or the possibility of intoxication after eating the lollipops. The candy sold by the vans contains no THC , however.       
The University of Manitoba Hemp Awareness Committee (UMHAC) was founded [ when? ] By Martin Moravcik, Meera Sarin, Wayne and Gil Potoroka Maguet.  Manitoba Hemp Alliance (MHA) lobbied government officials and organized support for hemp . The MHA also convinced the Manitoba government to allow the first scientific research in Manitoba after its 50-year ban.  
Standing Silent Nation is a 2006 documentary film about Alex White Plume, a resident of South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Reservation. After a great deal of research, Alex and his family planted industrial hemp, under the incorrect assumption that tribal sovereignty laws would allow the production of this non-psychoactive relative of marijuana, and the film details the consequences of
Scutching is a step in the processing of cotton or the dressing of flax or hemp in preparation for spinning . The scutching process separates the impurities from the raw material, such as the seeds from raw cotton or the straw and woody stem from flax fibers.   scutching can be done by hand or by machines is Known As has scutcher. Hand scutching of flax with a
Sambe ( Korean : 삼베 ), or hemp fiber , is a traditional fiber for Korean clothing. The knowledge of weaving is skillfully understood, and has been deemed to be a national treasure, and has been designated as an intangible cultural asset .  Sambe was the primary textile fiber used in clothing for commoners prior to the introduction of cotton to Korea in the late 15th
Rettig is a Process Employing the share of micro-organisms and plants is moisture to dissolve or rot away much of the cellular tissues and pectins surrounding bast-fiber bundles, and so Facilitating separation of the fiber from the stem.  It is used in the production of fiber from plants such as flax and hemp stalks and coir from coconut husks.  See also Jute .
The International Hemp Building Association ( IHBA )  is the largest association in this sector. Members and partners of the association include architects , builders , consultants, designers , the European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA), the Hemp Industries Association and manufacturers . A non-profit association founded in 2009 by director Steve Allin author and hemp building consultant,   the association globally promotes and supports the production of all hempand their by-products in a sustainable and bio-regional manner. 
Hemp for Victory is a black-and-white United States government film made during World War II and released in 1942, explaining the uses of hemp , encouraging farmers to grow as much as possible.
The Hash, Marihuana & Hemp Museum is a museum located in De Wallen , Amsterdam , Netherlands . According to the museum, more than two million visitors have visited the exhibition since it opened in 1985.  Dedicated to cannabis and its many uses, the museum offers information about the historical and modern uses of cannabis for medicinal , spiritualand cultural practical purposes. The museum also focuses on how hempcan be used for
Cannabis sativa is an annual herbaceous flowering plant indigenous to eastern Asia.  It is placed in the Cannabis genus which belongs to a small but diverse family Cannabaceae . It has been cultivated throughout recorded history , used as a source of industrial fiber , seed oil , food , recreation , religious and spiritual moods and medicine . Each part of the plant is harvested differently, depending on the purpose of its use. The species was first classified byCarl Linnaeus in
Cannabis indica , Cannabis sativa forma indica , [ citation needed ] is an annual plant in the Cannabaceae family. A putative species of the genus Cannabis .
The Canebiere is the historic high street in the old quarter of Marseille , France .
Steve Allin (born 1955) is an author, teacher and pioneer in the use of hemp in building and director of the International Hemp Building Association .  Allin started using hemp and lime in a natural construction material in 1997 which was published in 2005,  The first published book on hemp as a building system. He has contributed to the Green Building Bible and Local
Hemp , or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep ),  typically found in the northern hemisphere , is a variety of Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.  It is one of the fastest growing seedlings  and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago.  It can be refined into a variety of commercial items including paper, textiles ,
Tetraselmis suecica is a marine green alga . It grows as single, motile cells visible under light microscope up to concentrations over one million cells per milliliter. It can be grown as a foodstock in aquaculture, being able to species such as rotifers of the genus Brachionus . It is a motile chlorophyte and contains a high lipid content.
Tetraselmis is a marine unicellular algae.
The SERI microalgae culture collection was a collection from the Department of Energy’s Aquatic Species Program Cataloged at the Solar Energy Research Institute located in Golden, Colorado . The Aquatic Species Program ended in 1996 after its funding was cut, to which point its microalgae collection was moved to the University of Hawaii. In 1998 the University of Hawaii, partnered with the University of California
Scenedesmus dimorphus is a freshwater unicellular green algae in the class Chlorophyceae . The name means “having two forms”. 
Prymnesium parvum is a species of haptophytes (= Prymnesiophyta). The species is of concern because of its ability to produce a toxin, prymnesin . It is a flagellated algae that is normally found suspended in the water column. It was first identified in North America in 1985 and was artificially (eg, invasive species or missed in previous surveys). Toxin production mainly kills fish and appears to
Pleurochrysis carterae is a marine species of unicellular coccolithophorid algae that has the ability to calcify subcellularly. They produce calcified scales, known as coccoliths, which are deposited on the surface of the cell resulting in the formation of a coccosphere. Pleurochrysis carterae produce heterococcoliths which are composed of crystal units of variable shapes and sizes.
Phaeodactylum tricornutum is a diatom . It is the only species in the genus Phaeodactylum . Unlike other diatoms P. tricornutum can exist in different morphotypes ( fusiform , triradiate, and oval), and exchange in cell shape can be stimulated by environmental conditions.  This feature can be used to explore the molecular basis of cell shape control and morphogenesis. Unlike most diatoms P. tricornutum can grow in the absence of
Neochloris oleoabundans is a microalga belonging to the class Chlorophyceae . Due to its high lipid content, it has been considered as a candidate organism for cosmetics  and biofuelproduction,  as well as feedstock for freshwater mussels .  Neochloris was first isolated from a sand dune in Saudi Arabia by S. Chantanachat sometime between 1958-1962. 
Isochrysis galbana is a species of haptophytes. It is the species species of the genus Isochrysis . It is an outstanding food for various bivalve larvae. and is now widely cultured for use in the bivalve aquaculture industry.  This unicellular is investigated for its high amount of Fucoxanthin (18.23 mg / g dried sample).  The Isochrysis galbana extract is said to have some cosmetic and hair-growth properties when using hexane , ethyl acetate , ethanol , water , methanol , goldisopropanol as extractants . 
Expeller pressing (also called Expired oil pressing ) is a mechanical method for extracting oil from raw materials trademarked by Anderson International Corp. Mr. Valerius D. Anderson founded the Anderson VD Company in Cleveland, Ohio in 1888. In 1900, Mr. VD Anderson created the first successful ever-operated Expeller press.  The raw materials are squeezed under high pressure in a single step. When used for the
Botryococcus braunii (Bb) is a green, pyramid-shaped planktonic microalga that is of potential importance in the field of biotechnology . Colonies held together by a lipid biofilm matrix can be found in tropical gold or oligotrophic lakes and estuaries, and will bloom when in the presence of elevated levels of inorganic dissolved phosphorus. The species is notable for its ability to produce high amounts of hydrocarbons ,
Algal nutrient solutions are made of a mixture of chemical salts and water. Nutritional solutions, along with carbon dioxide and light, provide the materials needed for growing to. Nutrient solutions, as opposed to fertilizers, are designed specifically for use in aquatic environments and their composition is much more accurate.
Algae fuel , algal biofuel , or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, algae fuels are an alternative to commonly known biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane.   Several companies and government agencies are funding efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially viable.  Like fossil fuel, algae fuel
The following table shows the vegetable yields of common energy crops associated with biodiesel production. This is unrelated to ethanol production , which is related to starch , sugar and cellulose content instead of oil yields. Crop kg oil / ha / yr liters oil / ha lbs oil / acre US gal / acre maize (corn) 147 172 129 18 cashew nut 148 176 132 19 oats 183 217 163 23 lupine (lupine)
Sustainable Oils is a Seattle-based renewable fuels company specializing in the research and production of Camelina , the only advanced biofuels feedstock with the United States Department of Agriculture , Environmental Protection Agency , and the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) regulatory approvals  Oil extracted from Camelina seeds can be processed into a renewable energy jet , green diesel , biodiesel , green plastics and renewable oleochemicals .  The biomassthat can be used as a nutrient-rich
Pongamia oil is derived from the seeds of the Millettia pinnata tree, which is native to tropical and temperate Asia . Milletia pinnata , also known as Pongamia pinnata or Pongamia glabra , is common throughout Asia, and many of them have been described in English to describe the seed oil derived from M. pinnata ; Pongamia is often used as a generic name for the tree and is derived from
Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre  is a species of tree in the pea family, Fabaceae , native in tropical and temperate Asia Including parts of Indian subcontinent , China , Japan , Malesia ,Australia and Pacific islands .    It is Often Known by the synonym Pongamia pinnata As It Was Moved to the genus Millettia only recently. Common names include Indian beech ,Magul karanda (මැගුල් කරන්ද in Sinhala) Pongam oiltree , karanj ( Hindi ), honge / karajata (ಹೊಂಗೆ / ಕರಜಾತ in Kannada ), pungai (புங்கை in Tamil ), kānuga (కానుగ in Telugu ), karach (করচ গাছ in Bengali ), naktamāla (नक्तमाल in Sanskrit ), Sukh Chain (سکھ چین in Urdu ). Description Pongamia pinnata (L.) Stone is
Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in thefamily spurge , Euphorbiaceae , which is native to the American tropics , most likely Mexico and Central America .  It is originally native to the tropical areas of the Americas from Mexico to Argentina, and has been spread throughout the world in tropical and subtropical regions around the world , becoming naturalized or invasive in many areas.  The specific epithet , “curcas” , was first used by Portuguesedoctor Garcia de Orta more than
Copaifera langsdorffii , also known as the diesel tree , is a tropical rainforest tree. It has many names in local languages, including kupa’y , cabismo , and copaúva .  : 5 Biological description C. langsdorffii is a medium-sized to large tree usually reaching 12 m (39 ft) in height, with white flowers and small, oily fruits. The wood is light due to its porosity , and it is honeycombed with capillaries filled with oil. Tapping
Copaiba is a stimulating oleoresin obtained from the trunk of several pinnate-leaved South American leguminous trees ( Genus Copaifera ). The thick, transparent exudate varies in color from light to dark brown, depending on the ratio of resin to essential oil . Copaiba is used in making varnishes and lacquers . The balsam May be steam distilled to give copaiba oil , a colorless to light yellow liquid with the characteristic odor of the balsam and an
The cardoon ( Cynara cardunculus ), also called the artichoke thistle is, like artichoke, a thistle in the sunflower family . It is a naturally occurring species that includes the artichoke globe, and has many cultivated forms . It is native to the western and central Mediterranean region, where it was domesticated in ancient times. Description The wild cardoon is a stout herbaceous perennial plant growing 0.8 to 1.5 m (31 to 59 in) tall, with deeply
Camelina sativa is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae and is usually Known in English as camelina , gold-of-pleasure , or false flax , wild flax aussi occasionally, linseed dodder, German sesame, and Siberian oilseed. It is native to Central Asian areas. This plant is cultivated as oilseed crop Mainly in Europe and in North America. Description As a summer or winter annual plant , camelina grows to heights of 30-120 cm (12-47