Energy crops

Miscanthus × giganteus , giant miscanthus , [1] is a large, perennial grass hybrid of Miscanthus sinensis and Miscanthus sacchariflorus . This full sun plant grows at 8-12 ft (240-360 cm) in areas 5 – 9. [2] [3]

Miscanthus , silvergrass , [4] is a genus of African , Eurasian , and Pacific Island plants in the grass family . [5] [6]

Maize ( / m eɪ z / Mayz ; Zea mays subsp. Mays , from Spanish : maize After Taíno mahiz ) Also Known As corn , is a broad bean plant first domesticated by peoples indigenous in southern Mexico [1] about 10,000 years ago . The leafy stalk of the plant produces separate pollen and ovuliferous inflorescences or ears , which are fruits, yielding kernels or seeds.

The Jerusalem Artichoke ( Helianthus tuberosus ), also called sunroot , sunchoke , earth apple , or Jerusalem artichoke , is a species of sunflower native to eastern North America , and found from eastern Canada and Maine west to North Dakota , and south to northern Florida and Texas . [2] It is also widely grown in the region for its tuber , which is used as a root vegetable . [3]

Helianthus annuus , the common sunflower , is a broad annual forb of the genus Helianthus grown as a crop for ict edible oil and edible fruit ( sunflower seeds ). This sunflower species est used as bird food, as livestock drilling (as a meal or a silage plant), and In Some industrial applications. The plant was first domesticated in the Americas . Wild Helianthus is a widely branched annual flowering plant with many
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A halophyte is a plant that grows in waters of high salinity , coming into contact with saline water through its roots or by salt spray, such as in saline semi-deserts, mangrove swamps, marshes and sloughs and seashores. The word derives from Ancient Greek ἅλας (halas) ‘salt’ and φυτόν (phyton) ‘plant’. An example of a halophyte is the salt marsh grass Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass). Relatively few plant
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Gossypium is the cotton genus . It belongs to the tribe Gossypieae , in the mallow family, Malvaceae , native to the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old and New World . TheGossypium genusincluded around 50 species, [2] making it the largest in the Gossypieae tribe. New species continues to be discovered. [2] The name of the genus is derived from the Arabicword goz , which refers to a soft substance. [3]

Energy forestry is a form of forestry in which a fast-growing species of tree or woody shrub is grown specifically to provide biomass or biofuel for heating or power generation. The two forms of energy forestry are short rotational coppice and short rotation forestry :

Copra is the dried meat, or dried kernel, of the coconut used to extract coconut oil . The Earliest Evidence of the Extraction and Use of Coconut Oil in Early Tamil literature from the 1st century AD. [1] The word originated from the Tamil word kopprai . [2] [3] Coconut oil is an important agricultural commodity for many coconut-producing countries. It also yields coconut cake, which is mainly used as feed for livestock.

Cane is any of various tall, perennial grasses with flexible, woody stalks, and more specifically from the genus Arundinaria . [1] Scientifically speaking, there are either two genera from the family Poaceae . [ citation needed ] The Arundo genus is native to the Mediterranean Basin to the Far East . The genus Arundinaria is a Bamboo ( Bambuseae ) found in the New World. Neither genus includes sugarcane (Saccharum genus, Andropogoneae tribe ).

Balanites aegyptiaca is a species of tree , classified as a member of the Zygophyllaceae or Balanitaceae. [2] This tree is native to much of Africa and parts of the Middle East . [3]

Babassu oil or cusi oil is a clear light yellow vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of the babassu palm ( Attalea speciosa ), which grows in the Amazon region of South America . It is a non-drying oil used in food, cleaners and skin products. This oil has properties similar to coconut oil and is used in much the same context. It is being used as a substitute for coconut oil. Babassu oil is about
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Attalea speciosa ( babassu , babassu palm , babaçu , cusi ) is anative palm to the Amazon Rainforest region in South America . The babassu palm is the predominant species in theMaranhão Babaçu forests of Maranhão and Piauí states.

Atriplex halimus (known also by its common names: Mediterranean saltbush , Sea orache , Shrubby orache , Silvery orache ) is a species of fodder shrub in the Amaranthaceaefamily, which is native to Europe and Northern Africa , including the Sahara in Morocco .

Arundo donax , giant cane , is a tall perennial cane growing in damp soils, or fresh or moderately saline. It is one of the many species of so-called reed . Other common names includeCarrizo , Arundo , Spanish cane , Colorado river reed , wild cane , and giant reed .

Arundo is a genus of stout, perennial plants in the grass family . Arundo is native to southern Europe , North Africa , and much of Asia as far east as Japan . [3] They grow to 3-6 m tall, occasionally to 10 m, with leaves 30-60 cm long and 3-6 cm broad.

World food prices increased dramatically in 2007 and the first and second quarter of 2008, [1] creating a global crisis and political and economic instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations . Although the media spotlight focused on the riots that ensued in the face of high prices, the ongoing crisis of food insecurity had been years in the making. [2] [3] Systemic causes for the world continues to be
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An energy crop is a plant grown as a low-cost and low-Maintenance harvest used to make biofuels , Such As bioethanol , gold icts combusted for energy glad to generate electricity or heat. Energy crops are categorized as woody or herbaceous plants; many of the latter are grasses of the family Graminaceae .