Sustainable Oils

Sustainable Oils is a Seattle-based renewable fuels company specializing in the research and production of Camelina , the only advanced biofuels feedstock with the United States Department of Agriculture , Environmental Protection Agency , and the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) regulatory approvals
[1] Oil extracted from Camelina seeds can be processed into a renewable energy jet , green diesel , biodiesel , green plastics and renewable oleochemicals . [2] The biomassthat can be used as a nutrient-rich animal feed. Camelina offers several advantages over traditional biofuel feedstocks like soy and corn , such as competitive oil yields and shorter growing seasons. [3] Sustainable Oils has its primary operations in the state of Montana..

History

The Sustainable Oils research program began in 2005. [4] In 2007, Targeted Growth, Inc. and Green Earth Fuels established Sustainable Oils as a Limited Liability Company in the state of Delaware. [5]

In 2008, the company was awarded a contract by the United States Department of Defense to supply the US Navy with 40,000 gallons of Camelina-based jet fuel for certification testing of alternative fuels. [6]

In early 2009, Sustainable Oils started field research operations in Chile. [7]

In March 2011, a F-22 Raptor fighter jet completed a successful test flight running on a 50% blend of Camelina fuel and traditional jet fuel. Sustainable Oils supplied all the Camelina oil for the test. [8]

In March 2013, Global Clean Energy Holdings , Long Beach, California-based biofuel feedstock company, acquired Sustainable Oils. [9]

Research

Sustainable Oils has one of the largest Camelina research programs in the world, which began in 2005. [10] It is conducted in the United States and six provinces of Canada. The company has established research nurseries in Montana, Arizona, and Chile. [10]

Oils owns three proprietary and patented varieties of Camelina that have greater grain yield and more yielding agronomic characteristics than other strains. [11]

Supply of Camelina Oil to US Military

In 2008, Sustainable Oils and Honeywell signed a contract to supply the United States Defense Logistics Agency , the Department of Defense , with 40,000 gallons of Camelina-based renewable jet fuel for test flights in jets and helicopters. [6] Using a blend of 50% Camelina fuel and 50% traditional jet fuel , the Navy conducted performance trials in the F / A-18 Super Hornet , [12] F-22 Raptor , [8] and an SH-60 Seahawk Helicopter. [13]All tests were conclusively successful and each aircraft was able to perform above military standards. For example, the F-22 Raptor was able to perform at 40,000-foot supercruise and achieve speeds in excess of 1.5 Mach . [8]

Over the course of the entire testing program, Sustainable Oils supplied the military with nearly 500,000 gallons of Camelina oil. [14]

EPA approval of Camelina

In February 2013, Camelina received approval from the United States Environmental Protection Agency, qualifying its as an advanced biofuel feedstock or pathway under the Renewable Fuel Standard . [1] Sustainable Oils was one of multiple organizations that participated in the conversation surrounding the approval process. [15] Under the standard, every gallon of Camelina oil-based biofuel produced in the United States by a unique Renewable Identification Number , RIN, certifies it has a Federally approved advanced biofuel. It can be used to meet the EPA mandated minimums for advanced biofuels blending the Renewable Fuel Standard.[1]

Acquisition

On March 14, 2013, Global Clean Energy Holdings has been acquired by Global Clean Energy Holdings and has a promissory note. [9]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:c Biofuels Digest
  2. Jump up^ Shonnard, David R. (2010). “Camelina-derived jet fuel and diesel: Sustainable advanced biofuels”. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy . 29 : 382-392. doi : 10.1002 / ep.10461 .
  3. Jump up^ Krohn, Brian J .; Fripp, Matthias (2012). “A life cycle assessment of biodiesel derived from the” filling niche “camelina energy crop in the USA” . Applied Energy . 92 : 92-98. doi : 10.1016 / j.apenergy.2011.10.025 .
  4. Jump up^ Prairie Star – Camelina Research Facility to Coordinate Worldwide Efforts
  5. Jump up^ Sustainable Oils Website
  6. ^ Jump up to:b Bloomberg
  7. Jump up^ Moser, Bryan R. (2010). “Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) oil biofuels feedstock: Golden opportunity or false hope?”. Lipid Technology . 22 : 270-273. doi : 10.1002 / lite.201000068 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:c Clean Technica – Successful F-22 Flight on 50% Camelina Biofuel
  9. ^ Jump up to:b Biofuels Digest
  10. ^ Jump up to:b PR Newswire
  11. Jump up^ Sustainable Oils website
  12. Jump up^ Navy Biofuel-Powered Tests ‘Green Hornet’
  13. Jump up^ Biofuels Digest
  14. Jump up^ Camelina Powers Fuel Thunderbirds
  15. Jump up^ EPA Camelina approval