Camelina is a genus within the flowering plant family Brassicaceae . The Camelina species, commonly known as false flax, are native to Mediterranean regions of Europe and Asia . Most species of this genus have been studied with the exception of Camelina sativa , historically cultivated as oil plant . Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von Crantz was the first botanist to use the genus CamelinaIn a classification published in December 2016 , the US Navy tested a 50-50 mix of jet fuel and fuel derived from camelina seeds in 2010. [1] kerosene-based jet fuel makes it cost-prohibitive for commercial airlines to use camelina-based jet fuel. The study said that it would be necessary to have a market share of 9 percent government subsidy on camelina crop production, with 9 percent tax on the fuel oil. [2]


The name Camelina comes from the Greek for “ground” and “flax”, referring to the vigor of flax crops. [3]


Camelina seedlings are annual or biennial herbs . Their leaves are simple , lanceolate to narrowly elliptic . The flowers are hermaphroditic actinomorphic , grouped in racemes , and yellowish colored. The seeds are formed in dehiscent siliques . [4]


The first full genome sequence for Camelina was released on August 1, 2013, by a Canadian research team. The genome sequence and its annotation are available in a genome format and enabled for sequence searching and alignment. [5] Technical details of Camelina’s genome sequence were published on April 23, 2014 in the journal Nature Communications. [6]

Rothamsted Institute in the UK Developed genetically modified Camelina sativa plants accumulate That In Their high levels of the seeds along chain omega 3 oils EPA and DHA, found in fish oils Commonly. These plants could provide a reliable source of omega-3 fatty acids and have benefits for human health and the environment. [7] Field trials were underway in 2016. [8]


Four common species are presented below. However, at least two databanks indicate more species may exist. [9] [10]

  • Camelina alyssum
  • Camelina microcarpa
  • Camelina rumelica
  • Camelina sativa


  1. Jump up^ “From Seed to Supersonic” (PDF) . Currents . US Navy. Winter 2011.
  2. Jump up^ “Camelina oil could be economically feasible as a source of commercial jet fuel, new OSU analysis shows” . Oregon State University Extension and Agricultural Research News. 2017-02-17.
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  5. Jump up^ ” Camelina sativa Genome Project” . Prairie Gold . Retrieved 2013-08-01 .
  6. Jump up^ “The emerging biofuel crop Camelina sativa retains a highly undifferentiated hexaploid genome structure” . Nature Communications . Retrieved 2014-04-23 .
  7. Jump up^ “Crop plants -” green factories “for fish oils” . Rothamsted Research . Retrieved 2016-11-04 .
  8. Jump up^ “Researchers apply to high yield GM wheat crop . ” Financial Times . 2016-11-05 . Retrieved 2016-11-05 . (Subscription required ( help )) .
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