National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Congo

The National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo (French: National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo ( INEAC ) Dutch : Nationaal Instituut voor de Landbouwkunde in Belgisch Congo ( Nilco )) Was a research facility Established in Yangambi in the Belgian Congo , operating from 1933 to 1962.

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Journal of Plantation Crops

The Journal of Plantation Crops is a triannual peer-reviewed scientific journal and is the official publication of the Indian Society for Planting Crops . The scope includes topics are planting Relating to cropping systems and crops like coconut , arecanut , oil palm , cashew , spices , cocoa , coffee , tea , and rubber . The Journal of Plantation Crops was established in 1973 and the editor-in-chief is V. Krishnakumar.

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Journal of Oil Palm Research

The Journal of Oil Palm Research (formerly known as Elaeis: The International Journal of Oil Palm Research and Development ) is a triannual peer-reviewed scientific paper covering research is palm oil fats, oils and oleo-chemistry. It is published by the Malaysian Palm Oil Board and the editor-in-chief is Mohd Tusirin HJ Mohd Nor ( National University of Malaysia ).

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National Institute for Agronomic Studies of the Belgian Congo

The National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo ( French : National Institute for Agronomic Study of the Belgian Congo , gold INEAC ) Was a research facility Established in Yangambi in the Belgian Congo , operating from the 1930s up to the country Gained independence in 1962 .

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Elaeis oleifera

Elaeis oleifera is a species of palm commonly called the American oil palm . It is native to South and Central America from Honduras to northern Brazil . [2] [3] [4] [5]

Unlike its relative Elaeis guineensis , the African oil palm, it is rarely planted commercially to produce palm oil , but hybrids between the two species are, [6] mainly in efforts to provide disease resistance and to increase the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids. oil. [7]

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Elaeis guineensis

Elaeis guineensis is a species of palm commonly called African oil palm or macaw fat . [2] It is the main source of palm oil . It is native to west and southwest Africa , specifically the area between Angola and the Gambia ; the species name guineensis Refers to the name for the area, Guinea , and not the modern country qui now bears That Name. The species is also now naturalized in Madagascar , Sri Lanka , Malaysia , Indonesia, Central America , the West Indies and several islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans . The étroitement related American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and has more distantly related palm, Attalea maripa , sont également used to Produce palm oil.

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Attalea maripa

Attalea maripa , commonly called maripa palm [3] is a palm native to tropical South America and Trinidad and Tobago . It grows up to 35 m (115 ft) tall and can-have leaves or fronds 10-12 m (33-39 ft) long. This plant has a yellow edible fruit which is oblong ovoid and cream . An edible oil can be extracted from the fruit of the kernel of the seed.

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Attalea (palm)

Attalea is a large genus of palms native to Mexico , the Caribbean , Central and South America . This pinnately leaved, non-spiny genus includes both small palms lacking an aboveground stem and large trees. The genus has a complicated taxonomic history, and has often been split into four or four generations. Since the genera can only be distinguished on the basis of their male flowers, the existence of intermediate flower types and the existence of hybrids between different generations has been used as an argument for keeping them all in the same genus. This has been supported by a recent molecular phylogeny.

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Elaeis (from Greek, meaning ‘oil’) is a genus of palms containing two species, called oil palms. They are used in commercial agriculture in the production of palm oil. The African oil palm Elaeis guineensis (the species name guineensis referring to its country of origin) is the principal source of palm oil. It is native to west and southwest Africa, occurring between Angola and Gambia. The American oil palm Elaeis oleifera (from Latin oleifer, meaning ‘oil-producing’)[2] is native to tropical Central and South America,[3] and is used locally for oil production.

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Cadang-cadang is a disease caused by Coconut cadang-cadang viroid (CCCVd), a lethal viroid of coconut ( Cocos nucifera ), anahaw ( Saribus rotundifolius ) buri ( Corypha utan ), and African oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis ). The name cadang-cadang comes from the word gadang-gadang that means dying in Bicol . [1] It was originally reported on San Miguel Island in the Philippines in 1927/1928. “By 1962, all but 100 of 250,000 palms on this island had died from the disease,” indicating an epidemic. [2]Every year one million coconut palms are killed by CCCVd and over 30 million coconut palms have been killed since Cadang-cadang has been discovered. CCCVd directly affects the production of copra , a raw material for coconut oil and animal feed. Total losses of about 30 million palms and annual yield losses of about 22,000 tons of copra have been attributed to Cadang-cadang disease in the Philippines. [3]

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