Splitting maul

splitting maul also known as a block buster , block splitter , sledge axis , go-devil or hamax is a heavy, long-handled axis used for splitting a piece of wood along its grain. One side of its head is like a sledgehammer , and the other side is like an axis.

Tools

Wedged mauls
A typical wood splitting has a weight of 6 to 8 lb or approximately 2.7 to 3.6 kg, respectively. Traditionally, they have a wedge -shaped head, but some modern versions have conicalheads or swiveling sub-wedges. The original maul resembles an axis but with a broader head. For splitting wood, this tool is much better than a typical axis. The weight of it is more important and less expensive, it is less likely to become stuck in the wood. The wedge section of the head must be slightly concave-section that can be concave-sectioned. Unlike an axis, maul handles are normally straight and closer to the elongated oval axis handles tend to be. A maul’s handle, unlike an axis, is intentionally used for levering and swinging. The handles are typically made from hickory, though synthetic fiberglass handles have become common. Plastic handles are more difficult to break and their factory-attached heads are less likely to work with the lifting action of a maul. In the early 1970s a triangular head design with an unbreakable metal handle was introduced called “Monster Maul.”
Separate wedges
Splitting can also be done with a separate wedge and a large hammer. As this allows several wedges to be used together, To avoid mushrooming the head of the wedge, they are driven to a heavy wooden mallet rather than an iron hammer. In parts of England the word “maul” denotes this tool with a very heavy wooden head. It is also known as a beetle; There is a River Thames at Moulsford called the Beetle and Wedge .
Powered log splitters
Hydraulic log splitters are commonly used today. They can be horizontal or vertical.

Techniques

The maul is most commonly struck to a flush-cut section of log, usually standing on end at a splitting stump or other suitable basis. Most cut sections can be split into a single downward chop of the maul, splitting the wood apart along its grain. Mauls regularly becomes stuck in the log for one of several reasons, such as the wood not being struck with adequate force, the wood containing hidden knots, or the length of wood being too long. Unlike an axis mauls are effective after-along the edge dulls, as the primary mechanism Is That of a wedge through Pushed along the wood grain, and not a cross-grain chop of an axis. In some cases, they can be split while they are still length-wise on the base or ground. Mauls often become stuck in a mid-split request for “full-lift” chop to be used. This involves the chopper reswinging the maul, but this time the half- split log while still attached to the embedded maul, often requires one or two additional full-lift chops. Another technique for splitting upright is the thickness of the thickness of the log, usually removing 1/4 of the mass of the log. When repeated, large logs that would ordinarily cause the maul to be embedded on a center-strike can be handled easily. Additionally, the temperature gets colder, the fibers in the log become easier.

Safety

The hammer side of the maul is often used in wood splitting when combined with a splitting wedge, driving the wedge into the wood in the same fashion as the maul itself. This is used when attempting to split logs with a large diameter. Modern mauls are made of a strong enough steel to withstand the metal-to-metal contact without chipping. However, it is still common for the wedge itself to chip off. This can be dangerous as it can be damaged. This is also the easiest way to break a maul’s handle because the wedge is a whole lot, and can be overshot, resulting in hitting full-force on the wedge. This greatly weakens the handle, and can cause it to break after only a few over-shots.

Harder seasoned logs which are often divided into two parts of each other at a given speed, which is a hazard for people or objects nearby.

A common danger for inexperienced splitters is to miss the upright log entirely or give it to a glancing blow. If the maul lands beyond the log, the maul handles may or bounce or break. If the lands in front of the log, it can hit the feet of the splitter if they are in a closed stance. If the maul hits the side of the log without biting, the maul will usually bounce to one side and to the ground. In this situation, even a widened stance may still leave the splitter’s feet vulnerable.

When performing the “full-lift” chop described above, the splitter must never raise the maul and log above his head.

Generally speaking, a maul should never swing to the side. Rather it should be powered through the drop, using force to assist the natural weight of the maul. In addition to a suitable splitting base is one of the most important components to splitting wood with a maul. Wood can be split directly off the ground, but this is a disadvantage for a few reasons. For one the ground, if not frozen, will give on each blow, thus weakening the overall effect of the blow. The second disadvantage is that it can be broken down into a low level, forcing the person to fall back on the swing, which causes back fatigue. The best bases are flush-cut segments of hardwood logs, usually about one foot tall. For the season, the open grain may be treated slightly.

Another technique to improve safety involves pinning the head of the maul to the handle. Repeated use can loosen the head, and if the wedge or expander fails, the head will fly from the handle. Placing a pin involves drilling a small diameter hole through the side of the maul, and through the handle, and usually out the other side. A small, flush, or counter-sunk pin of aluminum or similar material should be placed in the head and secured. It is critical that the pin protrude from the side of the maul head.

See also

  • Firewood
  • Froe
  • Log Splitter
  • Stone axis

References

  • The backyard lumberjack By Philbrick Frank, Stephen Philbrick

Scheitholz

Scheitholz is a German term for log sections that have been split length with an axis or log splitter and that are primarily used for firewood or the manufacture of wood shingles . The individual pieces of timber are called Holzscheite (obs .: Holzscheiter ), derived from the Old High German word scit = “piece”.

Scheitholz boilers are used to burn quantities of Scheithölzer . The term“auf Scheitholz knien ” ( “to kneel there scheitholz ) Was a disciplinary measure used in times WhenCorporal punishment in schools was still permitted. [1]

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Log Splitter

log splitter is a piece of machinery or equipment used for splitting firewood from softwood or hardwood logs that have been pre-cut into sections (rounds), usually by chainsaw or a saw bench. Many log splitters Consist of a hydraulic or electrical rod and piston assembly and thesis are Often rated by the tones of strength They Can generate. The higher the pressure rating, the greater the thickness of the rounds that can be split. The log splitter consists of all four major hydraulic components.

Most models have a 10 ton tone, but professional hydraulic models can exert 30 tons of force or more. There are also manual log splitters, which use mechanical leverage to force logs to a sharpened blade assembly and screw or ‘corkscrew’ types that are driven directly from an agricultural tractor’s power take-off shaft where the splitter is mounted to the linkage point.

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Firewood processor

firewood processor is a machine designed to cut and split firewood with minimal manual handling of the logs. There are typically four parts of the machine, each dedicated to a separate function. Processing begins with a log stack – a stack of logs of 10-12 feet (3.0-3.7 m). Popular brands include Hakki Pilke, Wood Beaver, DYNA, Multitek and Blockbuster. Many individuals use processors commercially and privately as a hobby. Others choose to rent as an alternative to purchasing.

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Firewood

Firewood is any wooden material that is collected and used for fuel . Generally, firewood is not highly processed and is in some form of recognizable log or branch form, compared to other forms of wood fuel like pellets or chips. Firewood can be seasoned (dry) or unseasoned (fresh / wet). It can be classified as hardwood or softwood .

Firewood is a renewable resource . However, demand for this fuel can be expanded to a local level. Firewood can improve local wood supplies.

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Face cord

A cord is an informal unit of volume for stacked firewood, [1] sometimes called a rick . [2]

Width and height is typically the same as a string , but the depth can vary. [3] The front face is the same as a string (4’x8 ‘), hence the name. The depth is generally 16 “(for use in residential fireplaces) but can be anything from 12 inches to 32 inches.

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Firewood

Firewood is any wooden material that is collected and used for fuel . Generally, firewood is not highly processed and is in some form of recognizable log or branch form, compared to other forms of wood fuel like pellets or chips. Firewood can be seasoned (dry) or unseasoned (fresh / wet). It can be classified as hardwood or softwood .

Firewood is a renewable resource . However, demand for this fuel can be expanded to a local level. Firewood can improve local wood supplies.

Read moreFirewood

Pellet fuel

Pellet fuels (or pellets ) are biofuels made from compressed organic matter or biomass. [1] Pellets can be made of any of the following general categories of biomass: industrial waste and co-products, food waste , agricultural residues , energy crops, and virgin lumber . [2] Wood pellets are the most common type of pellet fuel and are made from compacted sawdust [3] and related industrial products of the milling of lumber, manufacture of wood products and furniture , andconstruction . citation needed ] Other industrial waste sources include empty bunches, palm kernel shells, coconut shells, and tree tops discarded during logging operations. [4] [5] So-called “black pellets” are made of biomass , refined to resemble hard coal and have been developed into existing coal-fired power plants . [6] Pellets are categorized by their heating value , moisture and ashcontent, and dimensions. They can be used as power generation, commercial or residential heating, and cooking . [7] Pellets are extremely dense and can be produced with a low moisture content (below 10%) that allows them to be burned with a very high combustion efficiency . [8]

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Wood fuel

Wood fuel (or fuelwood ) is a fuel, such as firewood , charcoal , chips , sheets, pellets , and sawdust . Source, quantity, quality and application. In many areas, wood is the most readily available form of fuel, requiring tools in the box of picking up dead wood, or just tools, as in any industry, specialized tools, such as skidders and hydraulic wood splitters, have been developed to mechanize production. Sawmill waste and construction industry by-productsalso include various forms of lumber tailings. The discovery of how to make fire is considered to be one of the most important advances. The use of wood as a fuel source for heating is much older than civilization and is assumed to be used by Neanderthals . Today, burning of wood is the largest use of energy derived from a solid fuel biomass . Wood fuel can be used for cooking and heating , and sometimes for fueling steam engines and steam turbines that generate electricity . Wood may be used indoors in a furnace,stove , or fireplace , gold outdoors in a furnace, campfire , gold bonfire .

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woodchips

Woodchips are a medium-sized solid material made by cutting, gold chipping, larger pieces of wood .

Woodchips can be used as a biomass solid fuel and raw material for producing wood pulp . They can also be used as an organic mulch in gardening , landscaping , ecological restoration , bioreactors for denitrification and mushroom cultivation. According to the different chemical and mechanical properties of the masses, the wood logs are mostly peeled, and the bark chips and the wood chips are processed in different processes. The process of making wood chips is called woodchipping and is done with a woodchipper .

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Wood gas generator

wood gas generator is a gasification unit which converts timber or charcoal into a gas , a syngas consisting of atmospheric nitrogen , carbon monoxide , hydrogen , traces of methane , and other gases, which – after cooling and filtering – can then be used to power an internal combustion engine or for other purposes. Historically wood gas generators were often mounted on vehicles , but present studies and developments focused mostly on stationary plants.

History

Origins

Gasification HAD beens year and significant common technology qui Was Widely used to generate coal gas from coal Mainly for lighting Purposes During the 19th and early 20th century. When the first stationary internal combustion engines based on the Otto cycle became available in the 1870s, they began displacing their engines and causing them to lose power. Adoption accelerated after the Otto engine is patent expired in 1886. The potential and practical applicability of gasification to internal combustion engines are well understood from the earliest days of their development.

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Wood briquette

Wood briquettes are made of dry, untreated wood chips (eg wood shavings). They are pressed with high pressure without any binder . By compacting the wood with this high pressure, it turns into a fuel like brown coal .

Advantages

One advantage of wood briquettes is that they have a lower ash and sulfur content, compared to fossil fuels . The carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) balance is even, Because wood briquettes release just as much CO 2 to the atmosphere as the trees used for Their Production ounce absorbed through growth by photosynthesis . In addition, briquettes have a much higher energy content.

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Pellet stove

pellet stove is a stove that burns compressed wood or biomass pellets to create a source of heat for residential and sometimes industrial spaces. By steadily feeding fuel from a storage container (hopper) in a burn pot area, it produces a constant flame that requires little to no physical adjustments. Today’s central heating systems operate with wood pellets as a renewable energy source can reach an efficiency factor of more than 90%.

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Sawdust

Industrially, the correct term is wood dust . In everyday language, it is known as sawdust . Sawdust or wood dust is a by-product or waste product of woodworking operations such as sawing, milling, planing, routing, drilling and sanding. It is composed of fine particles of wood. 

These operations can be performed by woodworking machinery, portable power tools or by use of hand tools. Wood dust is also the byproduct of certain animals, birds and insects which live in wood, such as the woodpecker and carpenter ant . It can present a hazard in manufacturing industries, especially in terms of its flammability. Sawdust is the main component of particleboard. Wood dust is a form of particulate matter, or particulates . Research on wood dust health hazards within the field of occupational health science, and study of wood dust control within the field of indoor air quality engineering.

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Firelog

firelog is a manufactured log constructed to be used as fuel wood . Firelogs are designed to be inexpensive, while being easier to ignite, and burn longer, and more efficiently than firewood . Firelogs are traditionally manufactured using two methods. The first uses only compressed sawdust and the second uses sawdust and paraffin , which is mixed and extruded into a log shape. The extruded firelogs are individually wrapped in paper and can be ignited.

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European Biomass Association

The European Biomass Association (AEBIOM, from the official French name European Association for Biomass ) is a European trade association open to national biomassassociations and bioenergy companies active in Europe . AEBIOM was founded in 1990 and aims to promote biomass production and application throughout Europe.

AEBIOM is the umbrella organization of the European Pellet Council (EPC), [1] the European Industry of Pellet Suppliers (EIPS) and the International Biomass Torrefaction Council (IBTC). [2]

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