Hemp hurds , also known as shives or hemp wood, are an agricultural product made from hemp . Hurds consist of “the woody inner portion of the hemp stalk, broken into pieces and separated from the fiber in the processes of breaking and scutching ” and “correspond to the shifted in flax, but are coarser and usually softer in texture”. 
Decortication separates bast fiber from the hurd. The fine bast fiber is used to make textiles. Decortication is accomplished by manually crushing, a labor-intensive process, or by a hemp decorticator machine.  
Hurds can be used as stock in papermaking ;   particleboard , hempcrete ,  and other composite construction;  or bedding for animals,  PARTICULARLY in horse stalls , qui est The Most common use (by weight) in Europe. 
- ^ Jump up to:a b Pulp and Paper 1917 .
- Jump up^ Horne 2012, p. 133.
- Jump up^ Bouloc 2013, p. 152 (diagram of decortication and fiber extraction process)
- ^ Jump up to:a b Dewey & Merrill in 1916 .
- Jump up^ ” ‘ Growing’ to Truly Green Home” , Manila Newsletter , December 23, 2013 – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Jump up^ Aguilera 2013, p. 288.
- Jump up^ Carus, Vogt & Breuer 2008.